In January 2017, the US reinstated and expanded the Global Gag Rule, formally known as the Mexico City Policy, which stops US aid to all health programmes run by organisations who perform or counsel on family planning. Many family planning services however are often bundled up with other US-funded provisions, and these vital health services are now under threat.
The Association Burundaise pour le Bien-Etre Familial's (ABUBEF) in Burundi provides vital integrated services to local communities including contraception, prevention and management of HIV/AIDS, youth counselling and education, pre-marital counselling, and antenatal and post-natal care. 80% of ABUBEF's clients are poor, marginalized, socially excluded and/or under-served such as young people living with HIV, internally displaced persons, sex workers, drug users and street children. "We have 18 service points, outreach mobile clinics and community-based services. Almost all our contraceptives, HIV reagents, STI drugs, antiretroviral and consumables for HIV management are procured through US-financed government programs. All these are now affected by the Global Gag Rule,” says ABUBEF.
Partnering with ABUBEF in Burundi is the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) who promote sexual and reproductive health for women and their children, globally advocating for the right of women to make their own choices in family planning. "Reproductive health is a right. The Global Gag Rule actively restricts and violates an individual’s right to choose. Millions will be denied the lifesaving healthcare they need, hitting hardest women living at the margins of society – the poorest, the most remote and those under 25.” IPPF have lost USD $100m for not supporting the Global Gag Rule.
One year on from the reinstatement and expansion of the Global Gag Rule the human cost is evident in Burundi in those affected by the loss of US funding.
Commission by IPPF
The treatment of farm animals is the world’s biggest animal welfare issue – and it’s getting bigger. By 2050, livestock production will be twice what it was in 2000. Right now, more than 70 billion animals are farmed for food each year – two-thirds in conditions that mean they can’t move freely or live naturally. Transporting these animals to market and to slaughter houses in a safe and humane way is one area of animal welfare that is particularly under-enforced and yet transportation and slaughter processes have the largest impact on the quality of food we eat and the livelihoods of farmers. Poor transportation leads to injuries and death of animals, which leads to condemnation and rejection at the slaughter houses, in effect to economic losses and also loss of meat impacting negatively on food security. In Kenya, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act Cap 360 was assented to in 1962 and last updated in the 1980s. Current rules are only for cows and are vague at best stating only that transport of animals must be in a ‘species-specific vehicle’. The regulations needed to enforce the transport and slaughter of animals have not yet been developed making it difficult to enforce Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. Animal Welfare especially for farm animals is a relatively new concept in the African context, hence there is need to raise awareness on the impact of poor farm animal welfare on the quality of food that gets to our tables, livelihoods, food security and food safety. Commissioned by World Animal Protection, a charity which works to create “a world where animal welfare matters and animal cruelty has ended” this images series has been used as part of a campaign to petition the Kenya Government to update the laws and to bring greater awareness to local communities in an effort to improve regulations and welfare for transportation and slaughter processes for farm animals.
Commissioned by World Animal Protection
It feels untouched here in Zambia’s deep south but far from the eyes of the world the rights of the local community are being ignored and the environment is threatened.
The Zambian government has rented large tracts of community land in Sinazongwe, southern Zambia to a Chinese-mining company Collum Coal Mine who resent the local people and have banned them from earning an income from surface mining on claims of safety. Underground blasting in the mines has caused the water table to drop which means there is no clean water in the shallow wells. The streams in the area have nearly all dried up, and the water that does remain is polluted from the mine. The local women have to dig new scoop wells every day, lining up they take turns filling up buckets. Children play in the dams but the water makes their skin itch, sores appear on their feet and makes them sick.
Extractives Industries in Africa are extremely profitable but the benefits of natural resources often fail to trickle down to local communities. There is a need to focus on women’s rights and opportunities, women as primary caregivers bear the brunt of the negative impacts of mining. It is a challenge to document the impact the coal mining on local communities, but it is a critical step to help restore their rights to benefit from the natural resources and help protect the environment.
Oxfam has been working in extractives in southern Zambia for over 12 months, advocating for local communities to be able earn income by surface mining the coal like they used to, for the mine company to employ at least one family member at 600-800 Kwacha (USD 50-67) a month, and for the community to receive at least ten per cent of mining company’s profits for essential services like clinics, schools, roads, water and sanitation.
Commissioned by Oxfam Australia
The world is currently facing the highest levels of displacement ever in history, with an unprecedented 65.3 million people forced from their homes by war, internal conflicts, drought or poor economies. Sub-Saharan Africa hosts more than 26 per cent of the world’s refugee population. The Central African neighbouring countries of Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congon DRC all shelter large numbers of refugees from each other as a result of more than two decades of conflicts.
Tanzania is currently hosting a total of 359,494 people of concern, and faces a protracted humanitarian crisis. Nyarugusu camp opened over 20 years ago now accommodates nearly 150,000 DRC and Burundi refugees. Nduta camp re-opened in October 2015 now has 122, 276 asylum-seekers and refugees from Burundi.
Uganda, as of January 2018, is receiving up to 500 refugees from South Sudan a day and now provides sanctuary to around 1.4 million refugees. UN Refugees Chief Filippo Grandi has praised Uganda’s “open border” policy calling it the most progressive approach in Africa and a model for the rest of the world.
An estimated 1.5 million people are internally displaced in Somalia, nearly 900,000 are refugees in the near region, including some 308,700 in Kenya, due to a 2 decade conflict. The on-going process of political and security stabilization in Somalia presents a critical moment to renew finding durable solutions efforts.
Africa’s refugees not only face extreme poverty but challenging environmental conditions and extraordinary political situations as well. Children, who make up more than half of the refugee population, are bearing the brunt with challenges in education, lack of food, school materials and too few teachers, their salaries too low to offer incentive. Adequate shelter is a basic human right and basic necessity but providing this for each refugee family is more than a big challenge. Hundreds of thousands of refugees in Africa are suffering, there just isn’t the funding.
Official Photographer for Conservation International @conservationorg‘s MY AFRICA, a 3D virtual reality film narrated by Academy Award-winner @lupitanyingo which brings viewers up-close-and-personal with community-led conservation in Samburu, northern Kenya.
#MyAfrica premiered at @tribeca Film Festival April 18-29 #Tribeca2018
👉🏿 Official trailer: conservation.org/myafrica https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2CHZ-88EKsA
The stunning Kafue National Park, one of Zambia's most important wildlife, tourism, and wilderness areas, and Kafue’s surrounding wildlife and community areas patrolled by the Kaindu Scouts, and Misamba Community where income from keeping land under wildlife has brought income benefitting the community and school.
18 Kaindu Community Scouts patrol 15,000ha/40,000-acres of pristine Zambian bush adjacent to Kafue National Park, land that the local community now owns and from which it can derive full benefits. That could be poaching for meat to sell in the capital. It could be logging trees for timber or charcoal. Instead, in meetings and discussions across all the villages over recent years, it was decided to use the land to earn money from tourists.
Assignment in Zambia for The Nature Conservancy who have helped with tents and uniforms for the scouts, and with pointers how to get a community-based organisation off the ground. The programme is now up and running. So far 48 poachers have been arrested, and tourist money has been pumped into schools, clinics, and roads
Kiunga Marine Reserve 10kms south of the Somali-Kenya border, World Wildlife Fund @WWF is working to support and educates local communities along the coastline, working with local fisherman and womens microfinance groups, @kenyawildlifeservice and in partnership with local NGOs to promote sustainable fishing practices, including cotton not nylon nets.
Sudan was a captive Northern White Rhinoceros at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya. He was #lastmanstanding, the last of his kind. He passed away from age related complications in March 2018 leaving 2 female northern white rhinos, the last remaining of the species in the world, his daughters Najin and Fatu. Both sadly unable to breed. Poaching is the main cause of the decline and disappearance of rhinos from the wild. The northern white rhino which once roamed Africa in its thousands, is now in effect extinct.
Named after the country where he was captured at the age of two in 1975, Sudan was taken to live his most of life on the concrete floors of a Czech zoo. He came back to Africa in 2009 to @olPejeta for his final years, and has stolen the hearts of many - @leonardodicaprio and @elizabethhurley1 ;)
Sudan leaves us with his genetic material which scientists will use to try to keep the species alive, and his legacy of dignity and strength. I am so very lucky to have met and photographed this great ambassador for his species. We must remember him for the work he did to raise awareness globally of the plight facing not only rhinos, but also the many thousands of other species facing extinction as a result of unsustainable human activity.
Assignment for Barcroft Media. Published in Daily Mail, Telelgraph and many more.
Cancer has become the third highest cause of death in Kenya with around 39,000 new cases occurring each year. Lack of awareness, inadequate diagnostic facilities, lack of treatment facilities and the high cost of treatment leads to 70-80% of cancer cases in Kenya being only diagnosed in the very late stages. It examines the lives those affected by the disease and their carers as exacerbated by the inequality, unemployment and poverty which forms the backbone to the social and economic lives of many Kenyans. This Cancer In Africa series is the personal work of award-winning Kenyan photographer Georgina Goodwin and aims not to bring forth the deep emotion and pain that come hand in hand with this disease but also the raw beauty, the kindness and the strength of the human spirit which shines through despite the costs.
Published on World Health Day 2017 by The Guardian:
The Friedkin Conservation Fund (FCF) in Tanzania work as anti-poaching teams as they carry out their jobs in the war between people and wildlife. Increased human populations have caused marked increased pressures on resources outside the areas allocated for wildlife, but as those get used up protecting wildlife and their land is becoming ever more difficult. Encroachment by people and their cattle onto wildlife land, snaring of thousands of game for the bush meat trade, fish poaching in the wetland protected areas, and ivory poaching. There is no rhino poaching because all the rhinos have been slaughtered. The FCF anti-poaching teams have 3.8million hectares to protect and despite reliable funds it will never be enough to keep ahead of those that wish to destroy what is left of our global heritage.
This photo series was selected as WORLD PRESS and African Photojournalism Database FOUR TO FOLLOW #7.
Somalia is one of the world’s most impoverished nations. Civil war has raged in the country for more than two decades, and climate change has, in recent years, brought increasing drought and food insecurity to the region. More than 2 million Somalis are currently displaced, 1.5 million of which are internally displaced, as a result of drought and conflict, the rest are in refugee camps in surrounding countries. Extreme environmental degradation, a burgeoning young population, political instability and extreme drought have had profound negative impacts on the Somali people, and it is the women and girls who bear the heaviest burden.
This last year I’ve photographed the women and girls in Somalia, bearing witness to how their lives have become increasingly harder and yet they continue to do their best to keep their families alive. Women and girls have to walk longer distances to fetch water, either carrying the heavy Jerri cans on their backs or on the backs of weak donkeys, in some areas they walk for eight to ten hours to the closest water source leaving early morning and getting back at night to collect water points leaving them exposed to gender-based violence along the route. Water scarcity also compromises hygiene especially for girls and women as the little water available is prioritized for drinking and cooking. As primary care givers to their children, siblings and other family members that fall ill each year from water-related illnesses such as cholera women and girls are less able to work or go to school. Since men have migrated away with the livestock in search of pasture and water, women have been left behind with all family responsibilities and very little in terms of resources such as livestock. Livestock deaths and poor livestock conditions have led to lack of milk for children. Skipping meals and reducing portion sizes have become coping strategies. Those who get one meal a day are lucky and that often lacks any nutritional value.
The women and girls of Somalia work to live through all this with grace and resilience but how much longer can they go on? This series aims to bring awareness to how incredibly hard their lives have become as a result of years of conflict and drought, we must not dismiss or forget them but do our best to find a way to address the challenges they face.
In 1990, 15 women, allegedly raped by local British soldiers, led by Rebecca Lolosoli, formed and registered the Umoja Uaso Women's Group with the then Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Social Services. They started by selling beadwork and other goods but after facing threats from men jealous of their success, the members decided to found a women-only village and reside together, thus providing collective security and cooperation. hey continue to survive by selling their beadwork, on donations made from guests visiting their manyatta (homested) and through running a campsite nearby.
Assignment for The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/aug/16/village-where-men-are-banned-womens-rights-kenya
Malawi is one of the world’s poorest countries, 90% of the population lives below the income poverty line of US$2 a day threshold. Most are smallholder farmers with subsistence crops on small plots with low yields. 80% of Malawi is planted with maize so in poor seasons there are widespread food shortages. Many households with large families and small plots suffer chronic food insecurity and malnutrition. Catholic Relief Services support U.S. programs that help address hunger around the world that help communities improve food output to become more self-sufficient through improved agriculture, nutrition and livelihood diversification.
Assignment for Catholic Relief Services looking at food security and poverty in Malawi, the story of food from seed to a meal on a family's table, bringing awareness to American families of the lives of rural Malawians.
The island of Madagascar is home to some of the most diverse plant and animal life in the world. But its people face extreme poverty—three-quarters of the population live on less than $1.25 per day. And in a country of over 24 million people, there are not enough doctors or health facilities to sufficiently meet the needs for maternal health care.
In Madagascar, one in 60 women will die in childbirth during their lifetime. The fertility rate is high, and there is also a high rate of teenage pregnancy—more than one-third of girls ages 15-19 have had children or are currently pregnant. When these factors are combined with the prevalence of grinding poverty, it is likely that obstetric fistula is a serious issue in Madagascar.
In 2016 the Fistula Foundation partnered with Icon, a company that makes a line of 'pee-proof' panties made for women who suffer from light urinary incontinence @iconundies. Icon donate a percentage of each sale to Fistula Foundation and have earmarked their total 2017 donations to be used to fund SALFA’s work. Icon’s support will fund the clinical costs of 157 fistula surgeries in Madagascar this year.
Somalia has one of the world’s highest rates of Female Genital Mutilation #FGM. In the self-declared autonomous state of Somaliland, an estimated 97% of women aged 15 to 49 in Somaliland have suffered FGM. The months of July, August and September for many Somali girls are not filled with summer fun. This time is known informally as "cutting season” when the break from school means girls have time to undergo - and recover from - FGM. Though there is little formally collected data, evidence shows Somali girls are flown in from abroad, from places like Europe, to undergo the procedure, sometimes then to remain and be married off, making FGM a precursor to child marriage. The United Nations Population Fund @UNFPA work with local communities and partners to highlight the physical and psychological damage caused by the practice. These partnerships are now seeing a positive impact.
Assignment for UNFPA. Published in the @Guardian - "The Curse of Blades and Powders: FGM in Somaliland"
The world's first ever Mr and Ms Albinism Pageant Contest held on 21 Oct 2016. The event was organised by the Albinism Society of Kenya (ASK) in an effort to fight the stigma associated with albinism under the banner “Beauty Beyond The Skin” with Deputy President William Ruto as the chief guest. Money raised through the event will go to support other existing programs including cancer treatment, counselling and be used for the provision of sunscreen lotion which helps in prevention of skin cancer. Formed in 2006, ASK seeks social inclusion for persons with Albinism, addressing all violation of their human rights, as well as championing for better medical services in light of the challenges that are characteristic of the condition.
Assignment for CNN.
An obstetric fistula is an injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor. This injury is preventable when a woman has access to emergency surgical intervention, like a C-section. But in many developing countries and indeed most of Kenya, women often give birth at home, with limited access to medical help when they need it most. Many women suffer in isolation because of the odor and stigma. They are forgotten.
Dr Mabeya and his wife Carolyne co-founded Gynocare Fistula Hospital in Eldoret in the Rift Valley. Together with @Fistula_Foundation and seed funding from Astellas Pharma @astellas_rus they have changed the lives of many women not only through reconstructive surgery but with outreach workers who educate communities about fistula, and encourage women with fistula to come forward for help. Today, more than 3,400 women from 43 of Kenya's 47 counties have already been treated and more than 850,000 people have been reached through grassroots education efforts.
This image series looks at the issue of fistula in Africa, the on-going struggle for rural women who have little or no access to basic health care, and organisations, doctors and medical care facilities that come forward to help by providing training, funding, and life-changing reconstructive plastic surgery treatments.
Project for Fistula Foundation.
The African continent has warmed about half a degree over the last century and the average annual temperature is likely to rise an average of 1.5-4°C by 2099, according to the most recent estimates from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Africa is becoming the most exposed region in the world to the impacts of climate change. In Sub-Saharan Africa extreme weather will cause dry areas to become drier and wet areas wetter; agriculture yields will suffer from crop failures; and diseases will spread to new altitudes. By 2030 it is expected that 90 million more people in Africa will be exposed to malaria, already the biggest killer in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The environmental effects of climate change will have a direct impact on the economic development of many African countries with as much as nine to 20 percent of arable land becoming much less suitable for farming by 2080. Idah Pswarayi-Riddihough, the World Bank’s lead environmental and natural resources specialist for Africa, said this: “Climate Change adaptation is not different from development,” she said. “With additional financing made available to countries and all of the different facets of this work coming together, I believe that we can begin to see a very different Africa in terms of climate change. We can remain hopeful that something positive is going to come out of this.”
The 2007-08 Kenya Crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after incumbent President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007. Supporters of Kibaki's opponent, Raila Odinga of the Orange Democratic Movement alleged electoral manipulation. This was widely confirmed by international observers, perpetrated by both parties in the election.
Violent protests began but were soon taken over by targeted ethnic violence, at first was directed mainly against Kikuyu people - the community of which Kibaki is a member - living outside their traditional settlement areas, especially in the Rift Valley. This violence began with the murder of over 50 unarmed Kikuyu women and children some as young as a month old, by locking them in church and burning them alive in Kiambaa village near Eldoret, on New Years Day. The slums of Nairobi saw some of the worst violence, some of this ethnically-motivated attacks, some simple outrage at extreme poverty, and some the actions of criminal gangs. The violence continued sporadically for several months, particularly in the Rift Valley.
Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived in Kenya a month after the elections and successfully brought the two sides to the negotiating table with a power-sharing Cabinet, headed by Odinga as Prime Minister.