Sudan was a captive Northern White Rhinoceros at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya. He was #lastmanstanding, the last of his kind. He passed away from age related complications in March 2018 leaving 2 female northern white rhinos, the last remaining of the species in the world, his daughters Najin and Fatu. Both sadly unable to breed. Poaching is the main cause of the decline and disappearance of rhinos from the wild. The northern white rhino which once roamed Africa in its thousands, is now in effect extinct.
Named after the country where he was captured at the age of two in 1975, Sudan was taken to live his most of life on the concrete floors of a Czech zoo. He came back to Africa in 2009 to @olPejeta for his final years, and has stolen the hearts of many - @leonardodicaprio and @elizabethhurley1 ;)
Sudan leaves us with his genetic material which scientists will use to try to keep the species alive, and his legacy of dignity and strength. I am so very lucky to have met and photographed this great ambassador for his species. We must remember him for the work he did to raise awareness globally of the plight facing not only rhinos, but also the many thousands of other species facing extinction as a result of unsustainable human activity.
Assignment for Barcroft Media. Published in Daily Mail, Telelgraph and many more.
The Friedkin Conservation Fund (FCF) in Tanzania work as anti-poaching teams as they carry out their jobs in the war between people and wildlife. Increased human populations have caused marked increased pressures on resources outside the areas allocated for wildlife, but as those get used up protecting wildlife and their land is becoming ever more difficult. Encroachment by people and their cattle onto wildlife land, snaring of thousands of game for the bush meat trade, fish poaching in the wetland protected areas, and ivory poaching. There is no rhino poaching because all the rhinos have been slaughtered. The FCF anti-poaching teams have 3.8million hectares to protect and despite reliable funds it will never be enough to keep ahead of those that wish to destroy what is left of our global heritage.
This photo series was selected as WORLD PRESS and African Photojournalism Database FOUR TO FOLLOW #7.
Somalia is one of the world’s most impoverished nations. Civil war has raged in the country for more than two decades, and climate change has, in recent years, brought increasing drought and food insecurity to the region. More than 2 million Somalis are currently displaced, 1.5 million of which are internally displaced, as a result of drought and conflict, the rest are in refugee camps in surrounding countries. Extreme environmental degradation, a burgeoning young population, political instability and extreme drought have had profound negative impacts on the Somali people, and it is the women and girls who bear the heaviest burden.
This last year I’ve photographed the women and girls in Somalia, bearing witness to how their lives have become increasingly harder and yet they continue to do their best to keep their families alive. Women and girls have to walk longer distances to fetch water, either carrying the heavy Jerri cans on their backs or on the backs of weak donkeys, in some areas they walk for eight to ten hours to the closest water source leaving early morning and getting back at night to collect water points leaving them exposed to gender-based violence along the route. Water scarcity also compromises hygiene especially for girls and women as the little water available is prioritized for drinking and cooking. As primary care givers to their children, siblings and other family members that fall ill each year from water-related illnesses such as cholera women and girls are less able to work or go to school. Since men have migrated away with the livestock in search of pasture and water, women have been left behind with all family responsibilities and very little in terms of resources such as livestock. Livestock deaths and poor livestock conditions have led to lack of milk for children. Skipping meals and reducing portion sizes have become coping strategies. Those who get one meal a day are lucky and that often lacks any nutritional value.
The women and girls of Somalia work to live through all this with grace and resilience but how much longer can they go on? This series aims to bring awareness to how incredibly hard their lives have become as a result of years of conflict and drought, we must not dismiss or forget them but do our best to find a way to address the challenges they face.
In 1990, 15 women, allegedly raped by local British soldiers, led by Rebecca Lolosoli, formed and registered the Umoja Uaso Women's Group with the then Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Social Services. They started by selling beadwork and other goods but after facing threats from men jealous of their success, the members decided to found a women-only village and reside together, thus providing collective security and cooperation. hey continue to survive by selling their beadwork, on donations made from guests visiting their manyatta (homested) and through running a campsite nearby.
Assignment for The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/aug/16/village-where-men-are-banned-womens-rights-kenya
The island of Madagascar is home to some of the most diverse plant and animal life in the world. But its people face extreme poverty—three-quarters of the population live on less than $1.25 per day. And in a country of over 24 million people, there are not enough doctors or health facilities to sufficiently meet the needs for maternal health care.
In Madagascar, one in 60 women will die in childbirth during their lifetime. The fertility rate is high, and there is also a high rate of teenage pregnancy—more than one-third of girls ages 15-19 have had children or are currently pregnant. When these factors are combined with the prevalence of grinding poverty, it is likely that obstetric fistula is a serious issue in Madagascar.
In 2016 the Fistula Foundation partnered with Icon, a company that makes a line of 'pee-proof' panties made for women who suffer from light urinary incontinence @iconundies. Icon donate a percentage of each sale to Fistula Foundation and have earmarked their total 2017 donations to be used to fund SALFA’s work. Icon’s support will fund the clinical costs of 157 fistula surgeries in Madagascar this year.
Malawi is one of the world’s poorest countries, 90% of the population lives below the income poverty line of US$2 a day threshold. Most are smallholder farmers with subsistence crops on small plots with low yields. 80% of Malawi is planted with maize so in poor seasons there are widespread food shortages. Many households with large families and small plots suffer chronic food insecurity and malnutrition. Catholic Relief Services support U.S. programs that help address hunger around the world that help communities improve food output to become more self-sufficient through improved agriculture, nutrition and livelihood diversification.
Assignment for Catholic Relief Services looking at food security and poverty in Malawi, the story of food from seed to a meal on a family's table, bringing awareness to American families of the lives of rural Malawians.
The world's first ever Mr and Ms Albinism Pageant Contest held on 21 Oct 2016. The event was organised by the Albinism Society of Kenya (ASK) in an effort to fight the stigma associated with albinism under the banner “Beauty Beyond The Skin” with Deputy President William Ruto as the chief guest. Money raised through the event will go to support other existing programs including cancer treatment, counselling and be used for the provision of sunscreen lotion which helps in prevention of skin cancer. Formed in 2006, ASK seeks social inclusion for persons with Albinism, addressing all violation of their human rights, as well as championing for better medical services in light of the challenges that are characteristic of the condition.
Assignment for CNN.
Somalia has one of the world’s highest rates of Female Genital Mutilation #FGM. In the self-declared autonomous state of Somaliland, an estimated 97% of women aged 15 to 49 in Somaliland have suffered FGM. The months of July, August and September for many Somali girls are not filled with summer fun. This time is known informally as "cutting season” when the break from school means girls have time to undergo - and recover from - FGM. Though there is little formally collected data, evidence shows Somali girls are flown in from abroad, from places like Europe, to undergo the procedure, sometimes then to remain and be married off, making FGM a precursor to child marriage. The United Nations Population Fund @UNFPA work with local communities and partners to highlight the physical and psychological damage caused by the practice. These partnerships are now seeing a positive impact.
Assignment for UNFPA. Published in the @Guardian - "The Curse of Blades and Powders: FGM in Somaliland"
Cancer has become the third highest cause of death in Kenya with around 39,000 new cases occurring each year. Lack of awareness, inadequate diagnostic facilities, lack of treatment facilities and the high cost of treatment leads to 70-80% of cancer cases in Kenya being only diagnosed in the very late stages. It examines the lives those affected by the disease and their carers as exacerbated by the inequality, unemployment and poverty which forms the backbone to the social and economic lives of many Kenyans. This Cancer In Africa series is the personal work of award-winning Kenyan photographer Georgina Goodwin and aims not to bring forth the deep emotion and pain that come hand in hand with this disease but also the raw beauty, the kindness and the strength of the human spirit which shines through despite the costs.
Published on World Health Day 2017 by The Guardian:
An obstetric fistula is an injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor. This injury is preventable when a woman has access to emergency surgical intervention, like a C-section. But in many developing countries and indeed most of Kenya, women often give birth at home, with limited access to medical help when they need it most. Many women suffer in isolation because of the odor and stigma. They are forgotten.
Dr Mabeya and his wife Carolyne co-founded Gynocare Fistula Hospital in Eldoret in the Rift Valley. Together with @Fistula_Foundation and seed funding from Astellas Pharma @astellas_rus they have changed the lives of many women not only through reconstructive surgery but with outreach workers who educate communities about fistula, and encourage women with fistula to come forward for help. Today, more than 3,400 women from 43 of Kenya's 47 counties have already been treated and more than 850,000 people have been reached through grassroots education efforts.
This image series looks at the issue of fistula in Africa, the on-going struggle for rural women who have little or no access to basic health care, and organisations, doctors and medical care facilities that come forward to help by providing training, funding, and life-changing reconstructive plastic surgery treatments.
Project for Fistula Foundation.
The African continent has warmed about half a degree over the last century and the average annual temperature is likely to rise an average of 1.5-4°C by 2099, according to the most recent estimates from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Africa is becoming the most exposed region in the world to the impacts of climate change. In Sub-Saharan Africa extreme weather will cause dry areas to become drier and wet areas wetter; agriculture yields will suffer from crop failures; and diseases will spread to new altitudes. By 2030 it is expected that 90 million more people in Africa will be exposed to malaria, already the biggest killer in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The environmental effects of climate change will have a direct impact on the economic development of many African countries with as much as nine to 20 percent of arable land becoming much less suitable for farming by 2080. Idah Pswarayi-Riddihough, the World Bank’s lead environmental and natural resources specialist for Africa, said this: “Climate Change adaptation is not different from development,” she said. “With additional financing made available to countries and all of the different facets of this work coming together, I believe that we can begin to see a very different Africa in terms of climate change. We can remain hopeful that something positive is going to come out of this.”
The 2007-08 Kenya Crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya after incumbent President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the presidential election held on December 27, 2007. Supporters of Kibaki's opponent, Raila Odinga of the Orange Democratic Movement alleged electoral manipulation. This was widely confirmed by international observers, perpetrated by both parties in the election.
Violent protests began but were soon taken over by targeted ethnic violence, at first was directed mainly against Kikuyu people - the community of which Kibaki is a member - living outside their traditional settlement areas, especially in the Rift Valley. This violence began with the murder of over 50 unarmed Kikuyu women and children some as young as a month old, by locking them in church and burning them alive in Kiambaa village near Eldoret, on New Years Day. The slums of Nairobi saw some of the worst violence, some of this ethnically-motivated attacks, some simple outrage at extreme poverty, and some the actions of criminal gangs. The violence continued sporadically for several months, particularly in the Rift Valley.
Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived in Kenya a month after the elections and successfully brought the two sides to the negotiating table with a power-sharing Cabinet, headed by Odinga as Prime Minister.